Transitions Therapy – Dealing with Stages of Change and Unexpected Events
Transitions such as moving, getting a divorce, having a baby, getting married or starting a new job, even winning the lottery or receiving a windfall, shocks such as finding your partner is involved in something unacceptable, all can be stressful. Often you need a professional you can talk to for support and the privacy that friends and family may not be counted on to provide. Therapy can be very helpful during such unsettling transitions and it is expected not to be long term.
|Infancy (birth to 18 months)
|Trust vs. Mistrust
|Children develop trust when caregivers provide reliability, care, and affection. A lack of this will lead to mistrust.
|Early Childhood (2 to 3 years)
|Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
|Children develop personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence. Success leads to feelings of autonomy, failure results in feelings of shame and doubt.
|Preschool (3 to 5 years)
|Initiative vs. Guilt
|Children need to begin asserting control and power over their environment. Children who exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt.
|School Age (6 to 11 years)
|Industry vs. Inferiority
|Children cope with new social and academic demands. Success leads to feeling competent.
|Adolescence (12 to 18 years)
|Identity vs. Role Confusion
|Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Failure leads to role confusion and a weak sense of self.
|Young Adulthood (19 to 40 years)
|Intimacy vs. Isolation
|Time to form intimate, loving relationships with other people. Success leads to strong relationships, while failure results in loneliness and isolation.
|Middle Adulthood (40 to 65 years)
|Generativity vs. Stagnation
|Work and Parenthood
|Time to create or nurture things that will outlast them, by having children or creating a positive change that benefits others for feelings of accomplishment, while failure results in shallow involvement in the world.
|Maturity(65 to death)
|Ego Integrity vs. Despair
|Reflection on Life
|Older adults look back on life, wanting a sense of fulfillment. Success leads to feelings of wisdom, while failure results in regret, bitterness, and despair.